Barangay Baking was created into a separate and distinct barangay of the Municipality of Bayog on 1964. Then Teniente del Barrio was the late Rodrigo Indoc. Under the Spanish Era, Teniente del Barrios are the leaders or chiefs of the barangays, now better known as Barangay Chairmen or Punong Barangays.
Barangay Baking has a total land area of 222.564 hectares per DENR data (2013 Cadastral Survey). In 2013, it has a total population of 263 and a density of 118.17. These data are based from the Office of the Municipal Planning and Development Coordinator (MPDC) per 2013 projections of NSO data. Barangay Baking is divided into four (4) Puroks and has one elementary school: Baking Elementary School. As of present, the barangay is headed by Hon. Reynaldo B. Lariba.
Sources: Baking BDRRM Plan 2014-2016, CLUP CY 2014-2013
In the early years, the Subanen Tribe of Barangay Balukbahan called the barangay as "Buwip Sibugay" that when translated to English meant Upper Sibugay. Sibugay is one of the three big rivers in the Municipality of Bayog which in the area of Balukbahan runs from the eastern to its western part.
How the name Balukbahan came to be was in 1957 when the Samar Mining Company (SAMICO) came to Bayog to mine iron ore. Personnel of the mining company, among them were some engineers came to the barangay to do some explorations. They were escorted by Timuay Taba D. Entag who took the group through the jungles of Balukbahan. On their trek, one of the engineers asked Timuay Entag the name of the river which has a good source of iron ore. Timuay Entag told the engineer that the western part of the river was referred to by the Subanen Tribe as "Baluk" and the eastern part was called "Bakan". However, the engineer misheard the latter and wrote "Bahan" instead of "Bakan". When mining started in the barangay, the mining site was called Balukbahan Mine Site, and the name Balukbahan lived through until the Municipality of Bayog was created as a distinct municipality on May 8, 1967, and Balukbahan became one of its twenty eight (28) barangays.
Barangay Balukbahan is located in the northeastern part of the Municipality of Bayog and about 30 kilometers away from the municipality's center of power. It has a total land area of 1,526.851 hectares (DENR data - Cadastral Survey) which is divided among six (6) Puroks. It has one elementary school and one national high school. Barangay Balukbahan is currently headed by Hon. Julito S. Endoy, Punong Barangay.
Sources: Balukbahan BDRRM Plan 2014-2016, CLUP CY 2014-2013
Back in 1967, Barangay Balumbonan was known as Bangabangahan, a sitio of Barangay Depase. The name "Bangabangahan" was derived from a stone jar discovered in the submerged river inside the Balumbonan Cave. This piece of discovery was exposed by the early Subanen elders, among them Timuay Mamuhao Leopan and Manamana Somadia Elis.
By virtue of a Resolution passed by the late Municipal Councilor Felomina Toro-toro, Sitio Bangabangahan separated from Barangay Depase and became a separate and distinct barangay of the Municipality of Bayog on January 9, 1972. From its creation in the year 1972 to 1982, Barangay Balumbonan was headed by Barangay Chairman Mamuhao P. Leopan. Former Punong Barangay Mariano S. Baluno headed the barangay the longest from 1982 to 1997. As of present, Hon. Renelie B. Aremala heads Barangay Balumbonan.
Home to the famous Balumbonan Cave and Submerged River, Barangay Balumbonan has a total land area of 627.118 hectares (DENR data - Cadastral Survey). It has seven (7) Puroks and one elementary school.
Sources: Balumbonan BDRRM Plan 2014-2016, CLUP CY 2014-2013
Long before Bayog became a municipality, the first settlers who inhabited Bayog were the Subanen People. Among them are Timuays Antoman, Edlog, and Butao, the three timuays who had lived long enough to tell the story of how Barangay Bantal came to be.
Bayog being a virgin forest in the early years was rich in fauna. The fauna of Bayog included mountain deer, wild boars, and even Philippine Eagles. It was from this abundance of wildlife that the early Subanens sourced their food from. In this abundance also came the the early name "Bental" which is a subanen term for "many or more". From Bental came the name Bantal.
The early Subanen People lacking in the education department, led by the three timuays decided to seek the help of a Bisaya in the name of Pacifica Manaytay Bade in facilitating the documents needed for Barangay Bantal to become an official barangay. Pacifica M. Bade became the first Punong Barangay of Bantal when the barangay was created on January 3, 1972.
Today, Bantal is headed by Punong Barangay Marvin O. Siton. It has a total land area of 1,741.787 hectares , four (4) Puroks, and one elementary school.
Sources: Bantal BDRRM Plan 2014-2016, CLUP CY 2014-2013
Barangay Bobuan is located in the southern part of the Municipality of Bayog and is about 18 kilometers away from Barangay Poblacion. The place is surrounded by rivers and creeks which became the people's source of water and venue of recreational activities. Because the area is surrounded by water, most of the settlers of Barangay Bobuan spent time fishing. They used fish traps, the most famous among them is the "bobu". Bobus are usually made out of split bamboos or the thorny parts of rattan poles. It is about 1 meter long and with a circular entrance. Once the fish enters the trap, its chance of escape is very less.
Barangay Bobuan is the site of the Samar Mining Company (SAMICO) in the early 1950s. When Manda Elizalde and Timuay Ombang Lual, a popular Madar of the Subanen Tribe decided to call the place Bobuan, they were given the blessings of the elders and were greatly supported by the locals of the area. From then, "bobu" became Bobuan and the name lives till this day.
Per DENR data (Cadastral Survey), Barangay Bobuan has a total land area of 1,344.888 hectares. It has seven (7) puroks, one elementary school and one high school. Hon. Marciano L. Duran heads the barangay.
Sources: Bobuan BDRRM Plan 2014-2016, CLUP CY 2014-2013
BARANGAY CAMP BLESSING
CAMP BLESSING is an acronym of the first families who settled in the area. C is for Cadallo, A for Abal, M for Mandao, P for Paalisbo, B for Bacalso, L for Lumantam, E for Ebarbia, the two S’s stand for Sangit and Sacal, I is for Itorma, N for Narciso, and G for Gamok.
Barangay Camp Blessing, populated by mostly Subanens became official on June 21, 1968. It has a total land area of 532.648 hectares. Farming is the primary means of livelihood in this part of the municipality. The barangay is composed of seven (7) puroks, has one elementary school, and currently headed by Punong Barangay Jessie D. Villaber.
Sources: Camp Blessing BDRRM Plan 2014-2016, CLUP CY 2014-2013
Barangay Canoayan was once a sitio of Barangay Bobuan. Like majority of the barangays in the municipality, Barangay Canoayan is also heavily populated by Subanens. The barangay got its name from “Uway” and “Kawayan”. These species of fiber and tree, respectively were abundant in the area in the early years.
Barangay Canoayan became an official barangay of the Municipality of Bayog on August 21, 1967. It has a total land area of P1,545.943 hectares with a total population of 1,495. Comprised by seven (7) puroks, the barangay also has one elementary school and headed by Hon. Eugenio L. Dalion.
Sources: Canoayan BDRRM Plan 2014-2016, CLUP CY 2014-2013
With a total land area of 1,183.805 hectares, Barangay Conacon is one of the barangays in the municipality that is located in the hinterland. The barangay has two subdivisions: Upper Conacon and Lower Conacon.
The people of the barangay gathered together every December 22 of the year to commemorate the founding anniversary of the barangay which became official on December 22, 1965.
Barangay Conacon was named after the species of trees known to the locals as “Conacon” which abound the area at that time. This was coined by the late Timuay Daas Lual. This tree variety is now known as Red Lawaan.
Sources: Conacon BDRRM Plan 2014-2016, CLUP CY 2014-2013
Nine (9) kilometers away from Barangay Poblacion, Barangay Dagum is bounded to the north by Barangay Datagan, to the south by Barangay Baking, to the east by Sitio Sibuguey of Barangay Baking in the Municipality of Lakewood, and to the west by Barangay Kanipaan. It has a total land area of 990.685 distributed among four (4) puroks.
Barangay Dagum is mainly hilly and mountainous and about 30% of the lowland area is suited for agriculture. Hon. Cornelio G. Sumile heads the barangay’s 367 residents.
Sources: Dagum BDRRM Plan 2014-2016, CLUP CY 2014-2013
Barangay Damit is five (5) kilometers away from Barangay Poblacion, the town proper. It is bounded to the east by Barangay Salawagan, to the west by Guinoman, Zamboanga Sibugay, to the south by Balangao in the Municipality of Diplahan, and to the north by Barangay Depore. It is accessible by any means of transportation. The barangay has a total land area of 1,379.168 hectares which is mostly agricultural. Hon. Ronillo M. Ragudo currently heads the barangay.
Sources: Damit BDRRM Plan 2014-2016, CLUP CY 2014-2013
Home to the mighty Lupisan Falls, Barangay Datagan was formerly known as Myala. Later, Myala became Datagan, the latter of which was derived from the Subanen terms “Belno” and “Tagan”. Majority of the people living this part of the municipality are the Subanens whose primary means of livelihood is farming. Datagan in the early years was one of the mining sites mined by Samar Mining Corporation (SAMICO) because of its rich source in iron ore.
Barangay Datagan has a total land area of 1,021.295 hectares divided among four (4) puroks. It has one elementary school and presently headed by Punong Barangay Jemuel L. Mundoc.
Sources: Datagan BDRRM Plan 2014-2016, CLUP CY 2014-2013
From the early name “Depasa”, Barangay Depase is 3.3 kilometers away from the heart of the town. It has a total land area of 936.020 hectares divided among seven (7) puroks. The barangay has one elementary school and national high school. Like majority of the lowland barangays, Barangay Depase thrives in farming as the people’s main source of livelihood. Hon. Ulysis M. Brandino is its Punong Barangay.
Sources: Depase BDRRM Plan 2014-2016, CLUP CY 2014-2013
Depore came from the Subanen term “Dipoli” which means “come back”. The barangay was a former sitio of Buug, Zamboanga Sibugay dating as far back as 1962. Per DENR data (Cadastral Survey), Barangay Depore has a total land area of 4,861.795 hectares divided among seven (7) puroks. Presently headed by Hon. Danilo I. Sauclom, the first elected Punong Barangay of Barangay Depore was Jesus Josol from the years 1975 – 1980.
Sources: Depore BDRRM Plan 2014-2016, CLUP CY 2014-2013
Like any other barangays, Barangay Deporehan has its birth, a story to tell and a history we can look back to whenever we feel the need to get informed with its past. It has legend accounts to which the barangay was named after where its story has something to do with the so-called “immortal being”.
One story tells that Deporehan got its name from “Helan”, a Subanen term which means “bad spirits”. Because of these bad spirits, early settlers of the area cannot make fire which was an essential element for them to survive. It was believed that the bad spirits prevented them from making fire. This forced them to leave the place. As the years went on, different groups of people arrived and then left for the same reason. The term “gipolipolihan” refers to the groups of people who came and went because the place became dreaded by the belief that “helan” did live there. Another story tells that barangay Deporehan was named after the river which at present still exists in the barangay, the Depoyan River.
Today, the barangay is no longer dreaded. Inhabitants are now able to make fire. It seems that “helans” already took flight out of the place. As a matter of fact, it has a total population of 671. Subanens or the Lumads comprised 90% of the population. Agriculture is the main source of the people’s livelihood. Comprised with seven (7) puroks, Deporehan has a total land area of 1,797.686 and headed by Hon. Edward A. Promon.
Sources: Deporehan BDRRM Plan 2014-2016, CLUP CY 2014-2013
In the year 1969, Barangay Dimalinao was known to the locals as “Liyas”, a Subanen term for a plant variety popularly known as “Katigbi” or Job’s Tears as it is called in English. Berries produced by this plant are used to make necklaces and bracelets, and other decorative like curtains and bags.
Another origin of the name Dimalinao can be traced back in the year 1980 when a military helicopter bombed a specific area of the barangay after having revealed to be the place of refuge of the rebel group CPP-NPA. Many lives were lost that day and among them were women, children, and elderly. It was from this terrible event that the phrase “di malinaw” or “no peace” came about.
With a population of 673, Barangay Dimalinao is the second largest barangay after Barangay Depore in terms of land area with 3,693.933 hectares. It has four (4) puroks and one (1) elementary school.
Sources: Dimalinao BDRRM Plan 2014-2016, CLUP CY 2014-2013
Barangay Dipili was once the home of the Lumads before the influx of Christian migrants from Luzon and Visayas. Timuay Mandao was the first Subanen Chieftain of the Subanen Tribe before the migrants started to settle in the early 1950s.
The name “Dipili” was named after the Dipili River which is a prominent landmark of the barangay. Dipili River was once acclaimed as one of the cleanest rivers in the Philippines. But before Dipili River transformed into a huge body of water, it was only a minor tributary during the time when the Subanen people established their settlement in the area. The local folks at the time observed that when it rained, the water from the stream overflowed in different directions, thus came the term “Pili-pili” which was believed to be where the name Dipili was coined from.
Barangay Dipili is an agricultural area with a total land area of 735.213 hectares divided among seven (7) puroks. Three (3) kilometers away from Barangay Poblacion, Dipili is accessible by any means of transportation. It has one elementary school and currently headed by Hon. Nestor T. Dela Cerna, Jr.
Sources: Dipili BDRRM Plan 2014-2016, CLUP CY 2014-2013
Barangay Kahayagan is located in the eastern part of the Municipality of Bayog. It has a total land area of 1,042.400 hectares divided among eleven (11) puroks. It has three (3) sitios namely Quibranza, Buko, and Tamak. With a population of 3,686, Kahayagan is the second barangay with the largest population after Barangay Poblacion.
Kahayagan came from the term “Kahayag” which means “Light” coined by the first Boholanos who established settlement in the area. (But it was the Subanen Tribe headed by Timuay Gutom Edal who occupied the area in the 1950s before migrants came.) Led by Antoliano Amor, this group of people travelled from Sierra Bullones, Bohol through the dark and thick jungles of Nilo, Debayoy, Luko-an, Biswagan, Guinolawan (now Lakewood), Pinoles, Bululawan, and Matun-og for three tedious days.
Before Kahayagan became an official barangay of the Municipality of Bayog on March 2, 1972, it was a barrio under the Municipality of Buug when the latter separated from the Municipality of Malangas in the year 1960. Bayog, then a barrio was also under Buug.
When Bayog was created into a distinct and separate municipality by virtue of Republic Act 4872, the name Kahayagan did not exist among the list of barangays under Bayog. In its place instead was the name Kwai. The name came about after the Samar Mining Company (SAMICO) constructed a box culvert in Barangay Kahayagan. Its Road Construction Foreman in the name of Crispin de Guzman called the project the “Bridge of River Kwai” after the 1957 British-American epic war film which was very popular during that time.
It was on November 16, 1972 when the Municipal Council (now Sangguniang Bayan) of the Municipality of Bayog passed Resolution No. 123, series of 1972 changing Kwai to Kahayagan.
Sources: Kahayagan BDRRM Plan 2014-2016, CLUP CY 2014-2013
Before Kanipaan became an official barangay of the Municipality of Bayog, it was once a sitio of Bululawan (now a barangay of the Municipality of Lakewood) when the latter was still a barangay under the Municipality of Malangas. Barangay Kanipaan has a total land area of 435.264 hectares divided among seven (7) puroks. It has a total population of 637 per 2013 projections of NSO data sourced from the Office of the Municipal Planning and Development Coordinator (OMPDC).
Kanipaan has legend accounts of the origin of its name. The story began in the year 1950s when a group of Subanen Hunters from the Municipality of Malangas ferreted the area which happened to be a vast wilderness in the early years to hunt for food. These hunters were the first people to have come across a small lake in the place. They had observed that when the sun rose from the east, it casted a reflection of Nipa Trees on the lake, but they couldn’t find a single one of these Nipa Trees when they looked back to the surrounding area of the small lake. Peculiar and strange as it may sound, the story evolved overtime, the small lake dried up, and the name “Kanipaan” was coined.
Sources: Kanipaan BDRRM Plan 2014-2016, CLUP CY 2014-2013
Lamare lies in 683.136 hectares of agricultural land and rolling hills distributed among seven (7) puroks. It has a population of 931 per 2013 NSO available data. Lamare is home to the Lamare Twin Falls and Kawa-kawa, and Escalante Caves.
According to the locals, there are three versions of the story as to how Lamare got its name. But the most known of the three centered on the early dwellers, the Subanens. Accounts of the story told that there were two rivers where these people met and caught up with each other among other things. Upon return home, they would beckon at each other and say “Lama re”, a Subanen term that when translated in Cebuano means “ugma na pud”.
Sources: Lamare BDRRM Plan 2014-2016, CLUP CY 2014-2013
Barangay Liba is approximately 9 kilometers away from Barangay Poblacion, the town proper. It is bounded to the north by Barangay Conacon, to the south by Barangay Kahayagan, to the east by Barangay Camp Blessing, and to the west by Barangay Bantal. It has a total population of 553 of diverse ethnic tribes, and a land area of 1,485.912 hectares in mostly rolling hills.
Sources: Liba BDRRM Plan 2014-2016, CLUP CY 2014-2013
Matin-ao is one of the barangays in the Municipality of Bayog that is located in the hinterlands. It has a total land area of 2,010.847 hectares and a population of 725. Majority of the locals of this barangays source their food from farming.
Barangay Matin-ao was created into a regular barangay on June 16, 1970. It was named after the first couple who lived in the area when it was only a vast wilderness namely Timuay Mati and his wife Nao.
Sources: Matin-ao BDRRM Plan 2014-2016, CLUP CY 2014-2013
With a total population of 420, Barangay Matun-og is heavily populated by Subanens but overtime, more and more groups of people came. As of this writing, at least 50% of the population comprised the Subanen people. Matun-og has a total land area of 625.756 hectares which 92% of the populace cultivated for agriculture.
The name Matun-og came from the word “Matunog” derived from the sound the early Subanens’ made when they pounded rice after harvest.
Sources: Matun-og BDRRM Plan 2014-2016, CLUP CY 2014-2013
Barangay Poblacion is the heart of the town. It is where the center of power of the Municipality Bayog is located and economic activities are centered on. It has a land area of 281.987 hectares distributed among 17 puroks, and a population of 4,326 making it the most populated barangay among the 28 barangays in town.
Barangay Poblacion from an aerial view sets like a frying pan, its flat and wide planes stretching out. Two big rivers in town, the Sibuguey River and Dipili River in better days flow placidly in its east and west parts, respectively.
Sources: Poblacion BDRRM Plan 2014-2016, CLUP CY 2014-2013
In the early years, Barangay Pulangbato was a forested area. This barangay was predominantly inhabited by the native people better known as the Subanens. These people were engaged in primitive farming and relied mostly in the abundance of food the forests provide. When harvest season came, the natives brought their farm products to the Municipality of Malangas, the center of business activities that time. They used an improvised means of transportation called “gakit” made up from bamboo or wood. These “gakits” are what we now know as rafts. Apparently, the early Subanens travelled in groups and they designated a waiting place where they waited for others to come and where the gakits were put on standby. They called the place “Pula nga Bato”. As the years went on, Pula nga Bato became Pulangbato.
Barangay Pulangbato is situated in the northwestern part of the Municipality of Bayog. Majority of its populace relied on farming as their main livelihood. It has a total land area of 1,700.158 and a population of 634.
Sources: Pulangbato BDRRM Plan 2014-2016, CLUP CY 2014-2013
Led by two-termer Alberto C. Yagos, Barangay Salawagan thrives in agriculture. With a total land area of 500.851 hectares divided among seven (7) puroks, the barangay is also traversed with two of the three big rivers in the municipality: Salawagan and Dipili Rivers.
Salawagan, a vast timberland area in the early years was first inhabited by the Subanen people, the natives of Bayog. The name Salawagan originated from the word “Salag” or “Nest” when translated in English because of the peaceful and harmonious way of living of the early tribe.
Sources: Salawagan BDRRM Plan 2014-2016, CLUP CY 2014-2013
BARANGAY SAN ISIDRO
Barangay San Isidro was named in honor of Patron Saint Senior San Isidro although it was formerly known as Little Pangi because of the abundance of Pangi Trees in the area. With a total population of 522, majority of the populace engaged in farming as their main source of livelihood.
Barangay San Isidro has a total land area of 514.495 hectares of mostly rolling hills. Because it is situated in the hinterland, cold weather conditions can be expected in this part of the municipality.
Sources: San Isidro BDRRM Plan 2014-2016, CLUP CY 2014-2013
Headed by the first woman Punong Barangay Evangeline G. Sicad, Barangay Sigacad is the last frontier to the northeastern part of the municipality and the farthest barangay. With a land area of 1,616.228 hectares, the barangay like majority of the barangays in the municipality comprised seven (7) puroks. The greater part of the populace belonged to the Subanen whose primary means of livelihood is farming.
Sigacad is a combination of “Siga” from the mysterious lights that kept on appearing in the mostly forested area of what is now known Barangay Sigacad, and “Sangad”, the oldest Timuay who also happened to be a Balian and one of the first Subanen people who established settlement in the barangay.
Sources: Sigacad BDRRM Plan 2014-2016, CLUP CY 2014-2013
Barangay Supon is situated in a hilly terrain four (4) kilometers away from Barangay Poblacion. It was bounded by Camp Blessing, Kahayagan, Kanipaan, and Liba in the north, south, east, and west, respectively. Its total land area is 425.216 hectares divided among four (4) puroks. The greater bulk of its populace at 51.92% is engaged in farming. In fact, the barangay’s low land portion is being utilized for rice and coconut farming.
The first settlers of the barangay were the Subanen people led by their chieftain Timuay Silang Banloy. It was him who named the barangay Supon, derived from “Suso”, a shell variety which abound the Sibuguey River that time, and the way it has to be eaten. Suso being a shell has to be sipped to take out what is inside. The English term “sip” means “sup-supon” when translated to Bisaya.
Sources: Supon BDRRM Plan 2014-2016, CLUP CY 2014-2013